There are different levels and styles of comedy: low, farce, manners, and satire.
Low Comedy: comedy of the body–slapstick, pratfalls, fart jokes, dirty jokes and gestures.
Farce Comedy: Characters in farce comedy seem as if they are “puppets of fate.” Characters are victims of mistimings, mistaken identities, coincidences. There are always coincidences, doublings, or obstacles.
Comedy of Manners: This comedy of language, which reduces problems to verbal battle. Clever insults, puns, put-downs, paradoxes, and epigrams are all examples of this style of comedy. Characters infarce comedies often fill one of three roles: true wit, would-be wits, and witless.
Scenes from Gilmore Girls–pay special attention to any conversation had while eating dinner.
Watch minutes 0-0:19 and 5:48-end
Satire is a comedy of big ideas–comedy aimed at religion, politics, the government, etc. The point of satire is often commentary on or critique of a particular subject.
Scenes from Third Rock From the Sun–“Dick learns about Tipping” *
*Note–the three men featured in the show are aliens from outer space, and during the course of the show, they try to learn how to be typical, average Americans in order to blend in, hence why the character Dick doesn’t know anything about the practice of tipping.